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J Korean Cancer Assoc > Volume 31(2); 1999 > Article
Journal of the Korean Cancer Association 1999;31(2): 256-266.
Clinical Relevance of Urokinase-type Plasminogen Activator ( uPA ) , uPA Receptor , Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor-1 Co-expression from Tissue and Serum of Breast Cancer as Targets of Biotherapy
Sun Young Rha, Joon Oh Park, Soo Jung Gong, Se Ho Park, Nae Choon Yoo, Woo Ick Yang, Jae Kyung Roh, Jin Sik Min, Kyong Sik Lee, Byung Soo Kim, Hyun Cheol Chung
1Yonsei Cancer Center
2Department of Internal Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Korea.
3Department of General Surgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Korea.
4Department of Pathology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Korea.
5Department of Internal Medicine, Eulji Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.
We measured and compared the uPA, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) and uPA receptor (uPAR) levels in breast cancer tissues and blood of the patients to evaluate their clinical relevance for biotherapy.
uPA, PAI-1 (Monozyme, Netherland), uPAR (American Diagnostics, USA) levels were measured by ELISA assay in 192 breast cancer tissues, in 18 normal breast tissues and in 163 blood from breast cancer patients.
There was a tendency of uPA increment from ductal carcinoma in situ while increment of PAI-1 and uPAR occurred from Ti. With the progression of cancer, uPA, PAI-1, uPAR tended to decrease; however, the uPA/uPAR, uPA/PAI-1 ratios remained unchanged. There was a correlation of uPA expression between normal and cancer tissues ( r(2)= 0.49). Correlation of uPA and PAI-1 was found in normal tissue and stage I cancer tissue while correlation of uPAR and PAI-1 was found with cancer progression. Between cancer tissue and blood significant correlations were found in uPA, PAI-1, uPAR levels.
uPA, PAI-1, uPAR levels in cancer tissue elevated from the early stage maintaining correlative expressions with cancer progression. A positive correlation between cancer tissue and blood level suggested the applicability of the levels of uPA, PAI-1 or uPAR for detecting patients for biotherapy.
Key words: uPA;uPAR;PAI-1;Breast cancer;Tissue;Blood
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