| Home | E-Submission | Sitemap | Contact Us |  
J Korean Cancer Assoc > Volume 31(2); 1999 > Article
Journal of the Korean Cancer Association 1999;31(2): 377-385.
Genetic Alterations in Bladder Cancer Detected by Comparative Genomic Hybridization
Sun Hoe Koo, Chun Hwa Ihm, Young Mi Jeon, Jong Woo Park, Jong Koo Sul
1Department of Clinical Pathology, College of Medicine, Chungnam National University, Taejon, Korea.
2Department of Urology, College of Medicine, Chungnam National University, Taejon, Korea.
Cytogenetic and genetic alterations of tumors are closely related with progressian and promotion of cancers. Comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) has known to be a novel tool for the detection of genetic alteration in solid cancers. We performed CGH for the detection of new genetic alterations of bladder tumors.
Biotin-labeled tumor DNA and digoxigenin-labeled normal DNA were hybridized to normal metaphase cells. The fluorescence signals were captured by fluorescence microscope after detection by avidin FITC and antidigoxigenin rhodamin. Then, the ratio of fluorescence was calculated by an image analyzer.
CGH results showed amplifications on chromosomes 1q, 3q, 4q, 5p, 6pq, 7p, 8q, 11q, 12q, 13q, 17q, 18q and 20pq (more than 20% of cases). Deletions were on chromosome 2q21-qter, 4q13-q23, 5q, 8p12-p22, 9pq, 11p13-p15 (more than 20% of cases). High level amplifications were noted on chromosomes 1q31-qter, 3p21, 3q24, 4q26, Sq21-qter, llq14-qter, 12q15-q21, 12q21-q24, 13q21-q31, 17q22, 18q22.
We considered that the amplification on chromosome 4q26, 11q14-qter, 12q21-q24, 18q12 and deletion on 4qll-4q13 as a novel genetic alterations of bladder cancer. Our results revealed different pattem of amplifications that affect other regions from previous study on chromosome 7, llq, 12q, 13q, and 18q. CGH was very useful for the screening of genetic alterations of solid tumors.
Key words: Bladder tumor;CGH;Genetic alterations
Editorial Office
Korean Cancer Association
Room 1824, Gwanghwamun Officia
92 Saemunan-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul 03186, Korea
TEL: +82-2-3276-2410   FAX: +82-2-792-1410   E-mail: journal@cancer.or.kr
About |  Browse Articles |  Current Issue |  For Authors and Reviewers
Copyright © Korean Cancer Association.                 Developed in M2PI