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J Korean Cancer Assoc > Volume 32(4); 2000 > Article
Journal of the Korean Cancer Association 2000;32(4): 764-774.
Antiangiogenesis Gene Therapy Using Adenovirus-mediated Antisense-VEGF in Glioblastoma Multiforme
Seock Ah Im, Jeong Soo Kim, Eunmi Nam, Soon Nam Lee
1Department of Internal Medicine, Ewha Womans University Medical College.
2Ewha Medical Research Center.
3Department of Surgery, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a major positive effector of angiogenesis. We investigated the mechanism of tumor growth inhibition by adenoviral transfer of antisense- VEGF in glioma and the role of VEGF for in vivo growth of human glioma cells according to the stage of the tumor growth.
Replication-deficient adenoviral vector containing the VEGF cDNA in an antisense orientation (Ad5CMV-alphaVEGF) were constructed to increase the in vivo applicability of antisense sequence. The effect of Ad5CMV-alphaVEGF was studied in vitro and in vivo with human glioma cell line U-87 MG. Immunohistochemical staining of the subcutaneous tumor with anti-VEGF antibody and CD34 antibody were performed to compare VEGF protein expression and the microvessel count respectively.
The growth curve of U-87 MG cells treated with Ad5CMV-alphaVEGF remained as same as that of mock-infected and Ad5(dl312)-infected U-87 MG cells in vitro, suggesting that Ad5CMV-alphaVEGF does not have direct cytotoxic effect. The growth of subcutaneous human glioma xenografts was inhibited by early intratumoral injection of Ad5CMV-alphaVEGF. Immuno histochemical staining of tumors showed that VEGF protein expression and mean microvessel counts were decreased in early Ad5CMV-alphaVEGF treatment group.
The efficient down-regulation of VEGF produced by tumor cells using Ad5CMV- alphaVEGF in early stage of glioma growth has an antitumor effect in vivo through antiangiogenic mechanism.
Key words: Antiangiogenesis;Gene therapy;Adenovirus;Vascular endothelial growth factor;Glioma
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