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Cancer Research and Treatment > Volume 33(4); 2001 > Article
Cancer Research and Treatment 2001;33(4): 309-317. doi: https://doi.org/10.4143/crt.2001.33.4.309
Genetic Alterations in Gastric Carcinomas and Adjacent Mucosa Detected by Comparative Genomic Hybridization (CGH)
Dong Wan Kim, Seok Jin Choi, Jee Young Lee, Kyu Jong Kim, Moo In Park, Seun Ja Park, Sun Hoe Koo, Ja Young Koo
1Department of Internal Medicine, Kosin University College ofMedicine, Busan, Korea.
2Department of Clinical Pathology, Chungnam UniversityCollege of Medicine, Daejeon, Korea.
  Published online: August 31, 2001.
Comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) was used to detect any amplified or deleted chromosomal regions in tumors by mapping their locations on normal metaphase chromosomes. METERIALS AND
Twenty-six gastric carcinomas and their adjacent mucosa were screened for chromosomal aberrations using CGH.
All carcinomas had chromosomal aberrations, and chromosomal material was more likely to be gained than lost. Ten out of 26 adjacent mucosa had chromosomal aberrations, and a gain was less frequently observed than a tumor (1.6/2.6). The most common gains were detected on 13q (58.3%), 8q (30.8%), 6q (27.0%), and 20p (19.2%), while the most frequent losses were detected on 17p (38.5%) and 16q (7.2%). The most commonchromosomal aberrations in the adjacent mucosa were a gain of 13q (11.5%) and a loss of 17q (11.5%). The tumors had more chromosomal gains of 2q, 3q, and 13q and more losses of 17p and 16q than the adjacent mucosa.
The most common gain in the tumors was detected on 13q, 8q, 6q, and 20p, and the most frequent loss was on 17p and 16q. While CGH may be useful in predicting the prognosis or therapeutic decision of gastric carcinomas, further study of several candidate genes, such as DP1, FLT1, c-myb, AIB1, BTAK, is needed to clarify gastric carcinogenesis and its progression.
Key words: Stomach neoplasm;Gene alterations;Comparative genomic hybridization
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