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Cancer Research and Treatment > Volume 33(6); 2001 > Article
Cancer Research and Treatment 2001;33(6): 451-457. doi: https://doi.org/10.4143/crt.2001.33.6.451
A Phase II Study of Genexol(R) (paclitaxel) in Metastatic Breast Cancer
Joo Young Jung, Hyun Chul Jeong, Sung Soo Yoon, Jae Hoon Lee, Jun Seok Kim, Hyo Jin Kim, Ki Hyun Kim, Jun O Park, Won Seop Lee, Dae Seog Heo, Yung Jue Bang, Noe Kyeong Kim
1Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National UniversityCollege of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. bangyj@plaza.snu.ac.kr
2Department of Internal Medicine, Yonsei University Collegeof Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
3Department of Internal Medicine, Sungkyunkwan UniversityCollege of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
4Department of Internal Medicine, Gachon Medical School,Incheon, Korea.
5Department of Internal Medicine, Korea University College ofMedicine, Seoul, Korea.
6Department of Internal Medicine, Dong-a University Collegeof Medicine, Busan, Korea.
  Published online: December 31, 2001.
Paclitaxel is a very effective agent in the treatment of breast cancer. Samyang Corporation has developed its own process to produce paclitaxel in a large volume using plant cell culture technology. To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Genexol(R) in patients with metastatic breast cancer who have failed to respond to standard therapy, we performed a prospective, multi- center phase II clinical trial.
Patients with metastatic breast cancer were included in this study. Enrollees were required to have histologically confirmed breast cancer with bidimensionally measurable metastatic disease. Genexol(R) was administered at 175 mg/m2 as a 3-hour intravenous infusion every 3 weeks. All patients were premedicated with hydrocortisone, pheniramine maleate, and H2 blocker 30 minutes prior to paclitaxel. We planned to administer at least 4 courses of paclitaxel unless there was disease progression or unacceptable toxicity and to continue treatment up to a total of 6 courses in cases of objective response following 4 courses.
The median duration of follow-up was 8.9 (2.07~13.7) months. Forty-five patients were registered and 43 were eligible. The performance status of patients was ECOG 0~1 in 39 patients (90.7%) and 2 in 4 (9.3%). The location of metastases at the start of the study were the lung (15 patients), liver (8 patients), lymph nodes (22 patients), and other (7 patients). Among the 40 evaluable patients, 15 patients obtained partial responses (PRs) (37.5%, 95% CI: 22.5~52.5%). The median duration of response was 11.67 (4.1~11.7) months and the median time to progression was 7.73 (2.8~11.7) months. The median survival time was not reached at 13.7 months, and the overall survival rate at 13.7 months was 70.1%. The hematologic toxicity was primarily neutropenia with grade 3 or 4 in 10 patients (23.3%). The grade 3 or 4 non-hematologic toxicities included alopecia (17, 39.5%), myalgia (2, 4.7%), neuropathy (2, 4.7%), and pruritus (1, 2.3%). Mild hypersensitivity reaction was observed in 2 patients, although it did not cause withdrawal of the test drug.
The results suggest that the Genexol injection is an effective anticancer formulation for the treatment of metastatic breast cancer and toxicity is acceptable.
Key words: Breast neoplasm;Chemotherapy;Genexol;Phase II study
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