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J Korean Cancer Assoc > Volume 28(2); 1996 > Article
Journal of the Korean Cancer Association 1996;28(2): 198-207.
위암에서 침윤과 전이의 새로운 생물학적 표지자로서 Urokinase - type Plasminogen Activator ( uPA ) 의 발현
노성훈, 조재용, 라선영, 정현철, 박준오, 이종인, 유내춘, 김주항, 노재경, 최진섭, 민진식, 김병수
Expression of Urokinase - type Plasminogen Activator a New Biologic Marker of the Invasion and Metastasis in Gastric Cancer
Sung Hoon Noh, Jae Yong Cho, Sun Young Rha, Hyun Cheol Chung, Joon Oh Park, Chong In Lee, Nae Choon Yoo, Joo Hang Kim, Jae Kyung Roh, Jin Sup Choi, Jin Sik Min, Byung Soo Kim
Mortality in gastric cancer is related to invasion and metastasis. Evidence has accumulated that invasion and rnetastasis in solid tumors require the action of tumor associated proteases, which promotes the dissolution of the surrounding tumor matrix and the basement membrane. The serine protease urokinase-type plasminogen activator(uPA), which is elevated in solid tumors, appears to play a key role in these processes. We used enzymelinked immunoabsorbent assays(ELISA) to test uPA antigen expression in tissue extracts of normal and cancer tissue of 160 gastric cancer patients. uPA level was significantly higher in cancerous tissue than normal gastric tissue(9.4 vs 5.3 ng/mg protein cytosol: p<0.001). When the uPA level was correlated to other prognostic parameters, uPA positivity is associated with grade of anaplasia(p=0.005). Univariate analysis showed that a uPA positivity is significantly associated with short. disease-free survival(p=0.005). Multivariate analysis with known prognostic parameters revealed that the uPA positivity was an independent prognostic parameter for short disease-free survival. These data indicate that uPA is a potentially important prognostic factor in gastric cancer. Consequently, we suggest that modulation of uPA is needed to prevent invasion and metastasis in gastric cancer patients.
Key words: uPA, Gastric cancer, Prognostic factor
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