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J Korean Cancer Assoc > Volume 29(5); 1997 > Article
Journal of the Korean Cancer Association 1997;29(5): 765-773.
Clinical Significance of Urokinase-type Plasminogen Activator (uPA) Expression from Serum and Tissue of Gastric Cancer Patients
Hyun Cheol Chung, Joon Oh Park, Hyun Ja Kwon, Tae Soo Kim, Hei Cheol Chung, Soo Jung Gong, Hwa Young Lee, Sun Young Rha, Nae Choon Yoo, Joo Hang Kim, Jae Kyung Roh, Sung Hoon Noh, Jin Sik Min, Byung Soo Kim
1Yonsei Cancer Center, Yonsei University, College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
2Yonsei Cancer Research Institute, Yonsei University, College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
3Department of Internal Medicine, Yonsei University, College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
4Department of General Surgery, Yonsei University, College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
We measured the gastric cancer tissue uPA and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) levels and compared them to those of the peripheral and portal blood levels to evaluate the correlation.
Tissue uPA and PAI-1 levels were measured by ELISA assay (Monozyme, Netherland) in paired 85 normal and cancer tissues resected from gastric cancer patients. In 50 patients, blood uPA and PAI-1 levels were measured from pre- operative peripheral and portal blood, post-operative portal blood.
Gastric cancer tissue uPA and PAI-1 levels increased from the early stage. The elevated cancer-to-normal ratios of the uPA and PAI-1 were constant from stage I to IV. There were correlations of uPA between normal and cancer tissues (r2=0.38) and between peripheral and pre-resection portal blood level (r2=0.64). There were no correlations between tissue PAI-1 level and blood PAI-1 levels. However, there were correlations in PAI- 1/uPA ratio between cancer tissue and peripheral blood (r2=0.25), peripheral blood and pre- resection portal blood (r2=0.60).
Even if the cancer tissue levels of uPA and PAI-1 increased from the early stage of gastric cancer, only blood uPA level correlated with tissue uPA level. A modest correlation found in PAI-1/uPA ratio between cancer tissue and blood suggests applicability of blood PAI-1/uPA ratio in predicting tissue uPA, PAI-1 expression.
Key words: uPA;PAI-1;Gastric cancer;Serum;Tissue
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